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The Sysmex Scientific Calendar
Sysmex Scientific Calendar 2008
Acute haemolysis
Extreme leukocytosis
Severe thrombocytopenia
Anaemia and erythrocytosis
Tumour cells
Acute leukaemia
Promyelocytic leukaemia
Reference scattergrams

The haematological emergency - Extreme leukocytosis - Calendar 2008 month 4

Leukocytosis is defined by a leukocyte count above the reference interval (ca. 4,000-10,000/µL in adults). At concentrations above 100,000/µL there is a high risk of hyperviscosity syndrome, depending on the prevailing cell population or the underlying disease (for example CLL, AML, CML).

The differential blood count shows a strikingly elevated lymphocyte count. In detail: Leukocytes: 188,300/µL, Granulocytes: 8,500/µL, Lymphocytes: 176,700/µL. After further examination chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) was diagnosed

Leukocytosis can often already be identified by a thick leukocyte layer ('buffy coat'). Here, in a patient with leukocytosis (leukocyte count 190,000/µL with CLL) it measures about 4 mm (->), whereas in a normal person (right) it is just recognisable as a thin layer above the erythrocytes.

Transitional form of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia / prolymphocytic leukaemia with a leukocyte count of 250,000/µL. Prolymphocytes are indicated (->).

Leukocyte count of 170,000/µL in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML-M4).

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